Biodiversity is essential for life. Besides, biodiversity loss and the climate crisis are interdependent. Restoring forests, soils and wetlands and creating green spaces in cities is essential to achieving the climate change mitigation needed by 2030.
Key elements of the biodiversity strategy:
- Establishing protected areas for at least 30% of land and 30% of sea in Europe with legally binding nature-restoration targets in 2021 providing stricter protection of EU forests.
- Restoring degraded ecosystems at land and sea across the whole of Europe by increasing organic farming and biodiversity-rich landscape features on agricultural land; halting and reversing the decline of pollinators; reducing the use and harmfulness of pesticides by 50% by 2030; restoring at least 25,000 km of EU rivers to a free-flowing state and planting 3 billion trees by 2030.
- Unlocking €20 billion per year for biodiversity through various sources, including EU funds and national and private funding. Natural capital and biodiversity considerations will be integrated into business practices.
- Making the EU a world leader in addressing the global biodiversity crisis. The Commission will mobilise all tools of external action and international partnerships for an ambitious new UN Global Biodiversity Framework at the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2021.