In the context of climate change, this core theme includes:
- Providing new approaches to the increased use of functional biodiversity in agricultural systems (e.g. intercropping, mixtures, conservation agriculture...);
- Developing methods for assessing and valuing biodiversity and ecosystem goods and services (e.g. carbon sequestration, water storage...) in intensive agricultural systems;
- Developing approaches for developing synergies and reducing trade-offs between agriculture and ecosystem services in a variable environment (climate change, price volatility...) at both farm and landscape scales;
- Developing a solid knowledge basis for the provision of public goods by European agriculture, so that ecosystem services are delivered efficiently and effectively.